Seizures are sudden, uncontrolled electrical brain disturbances that may cause various symptoms and behaviors. While the specific symptoms of seizures vary depending on the type of seizure and the individual, there are some common early warning signs that people may experience before a seizure occurs. Not everyone with epilepsy or seizures will have these warning signs. Considering that aspect, here are some of the early warning signs to be aware of:
Some individuals may experience abnormal sensations or unusual feelings in their body before a seizure. It can include tingling, numbness, or a sensation of “pins and needles.”
Altered mood or emotions
Changes in mood or emotions can sometimes serve as warning signs. Some people may suddenly feel anxious, irritable, or extremely happy (euphoria) before a seizure.
A feeling of mental fog, confusion, or disorientation can occur as an early sign of certain seizures. Individuals may find it difficult to concentrate or think clearly.
Headache or pressure
Some individuals report experiencing a headache or a sensation of pressure in the head before a seizure. A sense of fullness or discomfort can sometimes accompany this.
Changes in vision or hearing
Blurred vision, visual disturbances, or changes in hearing, such as buzzing or ringing sounds, can occur before or during a seizure.
Changes in smell or taste
Unusual smells or tastes, often unpleasant or metallic, may precede some seizures in individuals.
Sometimes, people may experience subtle motor symptoms as an early warning sign. These can include muscle cramps, jerking movements, or repetitive movements.
Nausea or upset stomach
Gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea, stomach discomfort, or a sensation of butterflies in the stomach can occur before a seizure in some individuals.
An “out-of-body” feeling
Many people who suffer seizures describe a feeling of detachment from their body or a sense of floating right before the event.
While these symptoms are relatively common, it is essential to note that not all seizures have warning signs or auras, and some can occur suddenly without any preceding symptoms. If someone has epilepsy or a history of seizures, working closely with a healthcare provider or neurologist is essential to understand and manage the condition effectively. Seizures can vary in type and severity, where thorough diagnosis and treatment plan can be crucial for optimizing seizure control and quality of life.